ENGLISH BULLDOG (FCI - AKC - KC)
ENGLISH BULLDOG (Type)
MINIATURE ENGLISH BULLDOG
Nr. NEBKC-EB F-1, F-2, F,3, F4 EN20
UNDER CONSTRUCTION !
CATEGORY: brachycephalic molossoid
UTILIZATION: Companion (non sporing)
ACTIVITY LEVEL: Small to Medium
SIZE: Medium (females cm, males cm)
ORIGIN: United Kingdom
BLOODLINES: EB (Bull & Terrier)
ORIGINAL STANDARD: NEBKC 2020
LATEST UPDATE: 20.09.2020
The goals and purposes of the this standard is to improve the quality & consistency of the breed.
We make a clear difference between the purebred English bulldog FCI, AKC, KC and the outcrossed.
a) ENGLISH BULLDOG - PUREBRED - (FCI - AKC - KC) LINEAGE
(Mention color not standard if rare colored)
The pure bred English Bulldogs are traded at very high prices (even if not standard colors). They are inscribed as English Bulldogs, when rare colored, we specify beside the color (not standard). These dogs must fit perfectly into the official English Bulldog Standard in type & struction (except the color). They can be confirmed as English Bulldog "Exotic". Even if the dog's color do not fit the official English Bulldog standard, nevertheless, they are considered to be pure stock.
b) ENGLISH BULLDOG (TYPE)
Then the English Bulldog (type). We tolerate an cross over 4 generations in order to keep a correct English Bulldog type, not more than 1 outcross. The outcross can be with a very well typed New English Bulldog, an EB type Alternative Bulldog or EB typed Miniature Bulldog. They can compete in the same ring as pure bred English Bulldogs. It must be specified F-1, F-2, F-3, F-4 in the pedigree. A foundational dog can only be mated with a generational purebred EB. No breeding with 2 foundational dogs is allowed.
c) MINIATURE ENGLISH BULLDOG
The Miniature English Bulldog is not a purebred English bulldog, nevertheless, the dog must be true to type English Bulldog. Some Miniature English Bulldogs are supposed to be pure bred and can have a AKC pedigree, produced only with a selection of smaller sized English Bulldogs on several generations.
These dogs can be outcrossed with some:
EB typed Alternative Bulldog lines
Very small sized and well typed New English Bulldog
Miniature Bulldog Blood
It is important to maintain a high percentage of purebred English Bulldog in the lineage to maintain a correct type.
Inscribe the size at the withers in the pedigree for best selection in the Miniature English Bulldog.
The selection must been made on adult dogs, confirmed at 12 months. All colors are admitted. The standard is the same as the official English Bulldog Standard, just smaller 28-35 cm, 15-20 Kg for males & females. The standard is the same as for the classic English Bulldogs. The breeder should strive to produce on the smaller size.
2 HISTORICAL SUMMARY
Under construction ...
3 GENERAL APPEARANCE:
FAULTS: xxx Muzzle too long, head too small or narrow or lacking type, too large drop ears, pricked ears, Back too long, Lack of bone, narrow chest, too much OEB type. Too large or too small in size, lack of pigment and any fault that spoils the general harmony.
4 TEMPERAMENT xxx
FAULTS xxx A dog who appears hyperactive in the ring, nervous
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS: overly shy or aggressive. Human aggression
5 HEAD xxx
a) Shape & Proportions
The head is brachycephalic, square and broad, the height of the head is equal to the width, The skull is very large in circumference and large in proportion to the body, larger than the OEB head in proportion to his body.
b) Front view
The forehead is wide and flat with possible typical expression wrinkles.The ears are set wide apart on the sides of the skull and high, a vertical line can be drawn from the inner base of the ear to the outside corner of the eye. The eyes are set deep down on the skull and wide apart. A median furrow between the eyes extends to the forehead. Cheeks are prominent. Under the chin, some loose, thick and wrinkled skin about throat, forming slight dewlap on each side.
c) Profile view
the head is short nosed and is high from the lower jaws to the apex. The head appears roundish when the mouth is open due to the short nose and the nose wrinkle.
d) Top view
The skull is wide and broad with a strongly muscular forehead, well developed brow ridge bones forming the breed typical median furrow (about 1,5-2 cm deep) that diminishes in depth from the stop to the occiput. From this view it is clearly visible that the nose length is about 1/4 of the skull length, measured from the occiput to the tip of the nose.
FAULTS A head that appear to small or narrow, or lack of head type. Any other deviation from the standard.
a) Setting: The ears are set wide apart on the sides of the skull, the top line of the ears is set slightly higher as the upper skull line, slightly higher as in the English Bulldog.
b) Type: Small rose ears are the ideal ears. Small button ears are acceptable. Semi-prick ears are acceptable but not preferred.
c) Size: Small to medium
FAUTLS: Asymetric ears, set too high or too large in size
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS large drop ears and hound ears, fully pricked ears, cropped ears, unilateral or bilateral deafness.
The forehead is broad, square and high with prominent muscles forming a furrow in the middle of the forehead. Muscle extend from the middle of the forehead to above the temples. Possible expression wrinkles on the forehead.
8 MEDIAN FURROW
There is a deep median furrow present between the eyes. About 1-1,5 cm deep.
The stop is well defined in the middle of the eyes but covered by a nose wrinkle "roll". The stop should be measured from the median furrow in the middle of the eyes, not from the the eye bridges.
FAUTLS Shallow stop
10 EYE BRIDGE Well defined
a) Setting : They eyes are set wide apart and low down in the skull in the same line as the median furrow, well away from ears.
b) Shape: Round in shape.
c) Size: Moderate size.
d) Colors: All colors are equally accepted including odd eyes (heterochromia) or bi-color iris or "Husky blue" eyes for merle gene dogs.
FAULTS Odd eyes (for non merle dogs)
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS eyes set to narrow, bulging eyes, strabismus, asymetric eyes, cherry eye, albinism red eyes, congenital blindness.
12 EYE RIMS
The eye rims upper and lower should be tight around the eye with no looseness with good pigment. Any color is accepted: black, grey, chocolate.
FAULTS Lack of pigment, tendency to entropion or ectropion, surgically corrected eye rims, haw (conjonctive tissues) showing,
DISQUALIFYING FAUTLS Haw showing severely "droopy St Bernard eyes".
Cheek are prominent due to the strong development of muscles, well rounded and extended sideways beyond the eyes from under the temples. They are moderately wrinkled. They are usually more wrinkled when "smiling" mouth open.
a) Shape: The muzzle is square and broad with a nose wrinkle "roll" on his base that should not cover the nose. There are 2 distinct folds starting under the inner corner of the eyes extending on the base of muzzle to the corners of the lips.
b) Proportions: The length of the muzzle is about 1/4 from the total length of the skull measured from the occiput to the tip of the nose. A slightly shorter or longer muzzle is acceptable if still in harmony with the head.
The length of the muzzle should be measured from the median furrow in the middle of the eyes to the tip of the nose, not from the eye brows ridge bones that are about 1,5-2 cm further forward.
c) Muzze topline: The muzzle line is covered by a muzzle wrinkle "roll"
d) Chin line: Slightly turned up. The tip of the chin is further ahead than the nose forming the chin point.
FAULTS A muzzle too short is a fault. A muzzle too long is a severe fault. Exaggerated nose wrinkle "roll", covering entirely the nose, no nose wrinkle.
DISQUALIFYING FAUTLS A muzzle too long about 1/3 of the skull length, a narrow muzzle, a snipey muzzle.
The lips are semi-pendulous with good pigmentation: black, blue, chocolate, liver, red.
FAULTS Pendulous lips, tight lips, lack of pigment.
The nose is of medium size and backward to the chin with a backwards inclined angle. The nostrils are large and wide open to allow good breathing, the nose has a straight well defined vertical line between. All colors are accepted: black, blue, chocolate, liver, red nose.
FAULTS A butterfly nose (unpigmented spots), pinched nostrils, any sign of respiratory distress. A nose wrinkle "roll" covering entirely the nose is a severe fault.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS severly pinched nares and severe respiratory distress (from the nares or soft palate) A dudley nose (entirely pigmentless).
The lower jaw is well developed wide and deep, slightly turned up and set straight.
FAULTS Offset jaws or slightly wry jaws
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS Severely wry jaws
18 BITE (OCCLUSION)
The bite is undershot, about 1,5 - 2 cm is ideal, 1 cm is acceptable, 2,5 cm is too much and need to be compensated in breeding, equally when undershot is not enough.
FAULTS Too much undershoot, over 2 cm, lower incisive visible when mouth closed,
DISQUALIFYING FAUTLS level bite, scissors bite, overshot, or inverted scissors bite, undershot over 3 cm
Full set of 22 white and strong teeth on the lover maxillary, 20 on the upper maxillary. 6 incisors are set in a straight row between the 2 canines set wide apart, behind the canines are the premolars 4 on each side at the lower and upper maxillary, followed by 3 molars each side on the lower maxillary and 2 molars each side on the upper maxillary.
Crooked teeth, missing teeth, supernumerary teeth.
NOTE: Broken tooth are not penalized in a show ring or for confirmation. For extracted teeth, the owner must provide a vet certificate to avoid to have them judged missing.
More than 4 missing teeth.
The neck is moderate in length and nearly wide as the head, well-arched at back and should not be set on the dog so it appears to stop at the shoulders. Some loose, thick and wrinkled skin about throat, forming slight dewlap on each side.
At thorat a fanon that is too pronounced (too much loose skin) is a fault, a neck too long or too short or a narrow neck lacking muscles.
21 THORAT Dewlap
Some loose, thick and wrinkled skin about throat, forming a slight dewlap on each side is visible behind the chin.
FAULTS Too much loose skin or no dewlap
22 ENTIRE DOG BODY
23 MUSCLES The muscles are naturally well developed all over the body and apparent. Conditioning must be good with no tendency to obesity nor thinness.
a) FRONT VIEW:
24 CHEST: Wide, prominent and deep. You should be able to imagine a perfect square, line drawn from inner of the feet to corner to corner of the armpits, 100% in height x 100 % in width, like in the English Bulldog.
FAULTS Narrow chest, not deep enough.
b) PROFILE VIEW:
25 BACK: The body appear square with a short back (cobby) in males and females about 100% in height, x 100%-120% in length. Height measured from the withers to ground, and length from the point of the shoulders to the buttocks.
FAULTS A body too long is a serious fault.
26 TOPLINE The ideal topline is slightly rising from the croup to the withers, a straight topline is acceptable or a slight roach over the loins.
FAULTS A topline dropping from the croup to the withers is a fault.
DISQUALIFYING FAULT A saddle back or a topline noticeably dropping towards withers.
c) TOP VIEW: The forelimbs are set wider apart that the rear limbs. The shoulders are noticeably larger than the hips and the waist thinner, giving a slight "pear shape" appearance. It's a good view to see if the tail is high set.
d) REAR VIEW: Hips medium width, thighs muscular, legs straight and parallel, feet straight, well defined tail short or long.
FAULTS BODY: Any deviance of the standard
27 RIB CAGE
Well rounded ribs
Flat-sided, too skinny, appearing ribs
28 ABDOMEN "BELLY LINE"
A straight belly line, pendulous line
The hips are less wide than the shoulders but not narrow nor too wide
FAUTLS Hips higher than the withers, narrow or too wide
30 FORELEGS FRONT VIEW Forelimbs are straight and set wide apart (wider apart than rear legs) and parallel to each other. The Forearms are very stout and well muscled.
31 SHOULDERS PROFILE VIEW The shoulders have a humero-radial angulation of about 135°
32 ELBOWS are relatively close to the body, slightly apart from the body is admitted but not loose.
33 FRONT PASTERNS (Metacarpus)
FRONT VIEW Short, straight and strong
PROFILE VIEW the pastern that is about half of length of rear pastern and is moderately inclined. A dewclaw is present.
34 FOREFEET Straight or very slightly turned outwards of medium size and moderately round. Toes compact and thick, well split up, making knuckles prominent and high.
FAULTS Lack of bone is a serious fault, feet toeing out too much our toeing in, loose elbows, incorrect angulation: pasterns, shoulders.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS splayed feet, flat feet or any other fault if severe.
35 HINDLEGS Rear view: set straight, wide apart (but less wide apart than front legs) and parallel, strong with muscular thighs.
36 STIFLES (knees) Profile view: the tibia-metatarsus angle should be about 140-150°
37 REAR PASTERNS (Metatarsus) straight and strong, about double in height comparing to front pastern with no dewclaw.
38 HINDFEET round and compact. Toes compact and thick, well split up, making knuckles prominent and high.
FAULTS incorrect angulation at the hocks, bandy legs, cow hocks, dewclaw at rear
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS any fault that is severe
A natural short tail or screw tail well defined and low set is preferred. A spike tail, straight half tail or long reaching the tip of the hocks is accepted.
FAULTS in short tails, high set, turned inwards. In long tails, kinks, deviation, circled over the back. If the tail has been docked for medical reasons, the owner must provide a veterinarian certification.
DISQUALIFYING FAULT Ingrown tail.
The gait is effort less when trotting, smooth powerful and well coordinated, showing good reach in front and drive behind. When trotting the topline remains level with only a slight flexing to indicate suppleness when galopping "running" or cantering. Legs turn neither in nor out, nor do feet cross.
FAULTS Paddling, sidewinding, Rolling "English Bulldog gait", incoordinated crossing gait, bunny hopping (sign for hip dysplasia), any limping.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS Any that is severe
Females - 36 to 40 cm, males - 38 to 42 cm, at the withers.
A size slightly under the standard is admitted but must be corrected in breeding
FAULTS A height over the standard is a fault that must be corrected in breeding
42 WEIGHT : 23-28 kg for females, males 25-30 kg. The dog should look well conditioned and balanced, not obese or to slender.
MANDATORY HEALTH TESTS
X-Rays hips (HD)
ONLINE/LIVE CONFIRMATION: 12 Mo
RECOMMENDED HEALTH TESTS
X-Rays Elbows (ED)
a) Type: Short, dense, glossy & smooth with no undercoat, moderately stiff to the touch.
c) Colors: Any colors is acceptable with no preference for one over another: Solid white or black, chocolate, fawn, red, lilac, blue, also version of these colors in piebald, tricolor or & tan, with brindle of any type, sable, and different shades of all these colors, also with ticking. Merle is also accepted in all the above mentioned colors and versions.
e) Grooming: Low maintenance, very easy due to their short coat
FAULTS sparse or dull coat
NOTE a dog with surgical or accident scars should not be penalized
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS Long, fuzzy or wavy coats, albinismus.
44 CLIMATE TOLERANCE
Like all brachycephalic breeds and molosser in general, the New English Bulldog must be protected from great heat in summer and also from excessive coldness in winter due to their short hair.
Males tie naturally or AI, female give birth naturally or by c-section.
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding. As dogs are not perfect, the breeder should never double up on health or conformation faults, even if minor and do his utmost to meet the ideal of the standard that is used as guideline.
It is very important that no American Bulldog blood is introduced in the New English Bulldog breeding stock nor Old English Bulldog with strong American Bulldog blood either, at least 5 generations back. If the dog has only a 3 generation pedigree, ask to see the parents pedigrees of the dog be used. A good pedigree knowledge is requested to make the right selection. No french Bulldog, American Bully or Miniature Bulldog blood either. Pure quality EB x quality OEB. Characteristics that very clearly indicate crossing with other breeds are not to be tolerated.
Breeders and judges have the responsibility to avoid any conditions or exaggerations that are detrimental to the health, welfare, essence and soundness of this breed, and must take the responsibility to see that these are not perpetuated.