N E B K C
Miniature Bulldog, Toy Bulldog
CATEGORY: brachycephalic molossoid
UTILIZATION: Companion, Toy dog
ACTIVITY LEVEL: Low
BLOODLINES: FB/EB/OEB/BT/SB /PUG
OTHER NAME: MINIBULL, BULL-PUG, MINI BULLDOG, TOY BULLDOG, BANTAM BULLDOG
ORIGINAL STANDARD: UK 1907 (REVISED)
The goals and purposes of this breed standard include: to furnish guidelines for breeders who wish to maintain the quality of their breed and to improve it. Any departure from the following should be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
The perfect Miniature Bulldog should be of short to medium height with a square looking head and a strong and muscular body. The disposition should be friendly, brave and loyal. The Miniature Bulldog should not look like a today's English Bulldog in miniature but rather than a miniature of an Old English Bulldog because that's what the English Bulldogs of that era looked like. Miniature English Bulldog are also bred but should be pure bred, just smaller in size than the official standard.
2 HISTORICAL SUMMARY
Miniature Bulldogs first bred in Nottingham in 1800s by lace makers who wanted to create a small, miniature version of English Bulldog also called a “toy” bulldog. It is the ancestor of the today's French Bulldog. The Toy Bulldog is an extinct dog breed that existed in England during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Breeders were working in two different directions to create this breed. One was to downsize the Bulldog. This was not very successful, due to complications with breeding subregular-sized dogs of this breed together. The dwarf-sized Bulldog puppies were (and still are) occasionally born out of regular-sized parents, but they were neither the healthiest, nor the most fertile dogs. They often produced regular-sized puppies. Thus, this version of the breed had never been established. Another attempt at creating the Toy Bulldog was via crossbreeding French Bulldogs with Bulldogs and/or their offspring to decrease the weight to a desirable 20 pounds or so. There were several dogs, and the breed was presented by "The French Toy Bulldog Club of England" to the Kennel Club. However, this version of the breed had also not been developed to the point of recognition as well. English breeders and Kennel Club representatives refused to call a mixed-breed dog a Bulldog. Nowadays, the term "Toy Bulldog" is occasionally used to describe a small variety of another cross known as a "Miniature Bulldog". This is not an established breed, but a hybrid, resulting from crossbreeding Bulldogs with Pugs and/or their offspring.
3 GENERAL APPEARANCE:
FAULTS: Any fault that spoils the general harmony
FAULTS A dog who appears hyperactive in the ring, nervous
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS: overly shy or aggressive. Human aggression
a) Shape & Proportions
b) Front view
c) Profile view
d) Top view
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS unilateral or bilateral deafness.
8 MEDIAN FURROW
FAUTLS Any depature of the standard
10 EYE BRIDGE
a) Setting : They eyes are set wide apart and low down in the skull in the same line as the median furrow, well away from ears.
FAULTS Odd eye. eyes set to narrow
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS bulging eyes, strabismus, asymmetric eyes, cherry eye, albinism red eyes, congenital blindness.
NOTE: Avoid line breeding with odd eye dogs as it is a genetic trait
12 EYE RIMS
The eye rims upper and lower should be tight around the eye with no looseness with good pigment. Color black
FAULTS Lack of pigment, tendency to entropion or ectropion, surgically corrected
SERIOUS FAULTS haw (conjonctive tissues) showing.
DISQUALIFYING FAUTLS Haw showing severely "droopy St Bernard eyes".
a) Shape & proportion
b) Muzzle line
d) Chin line:
FAULTS A muzzle too short or too long. Exaggerated wrinkles
FAULTS Any departure of the standard, lack of pigment.
a) size & proportion
FAULTS A butterfly nose (unpigmented spots) is judged following the missing amount of pigment, pinched nostrils, any sign of respiratory distress. Skin excess (roll) over the nose.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS severly pinched nares and severe respiratory distress (from the nares or soft palate) A dudley nose (entirely pigmentless).
The lower jaw is well developed wide, deep and set straight and must fit perfectly into the upper jaws.
FAULTS Offset jaws or slightly wry jaws
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS Severely wry jaws
18 BITE (OCCLUSION)
Full set of 22 white and large teeth on the lover maxillary, 20 to 22 on the upper maxillary. 6 incisors are set in a straight row between the 2 canines set wide apart, behind the canines are the premolars 4 on each side at the lower and upper maxillary, followed by 3 molars each side on the lower maxillary and 2 molars each side on the upper maxillary.
Crooked teeth, missing teeth, supernumerary teeth, small teeth
NOTE: Broken tooth are not penalized in a show ring or for confirmation. For extracted teeth, the owner must provide a vet certificate to avoid to have them judged missing.
FAULTS Any departure of the standard
22 ENTIRE DOG BODY
23 MUSCLES Conditioning must be good with no tendency to over or underweight.
a) FRONT VIEW:
FAULTS Any depature of the standard
b) PROFILE VIEW:
c) TOP VIEW:
d) REAR VIEW:
27 RIB CAGE
Well rounded ribs
28 LOINS - BELLY LINE
30 FORELEGS FRONT VIEW
31 SHOULDERS PROFILE VIEW The shoulders should be well muscled with good definition and wide sloping blades, giving the appearance of great strength. The humero-radial angulation of about 135°
32 ELBOWS are close to the body
33 FRONT PASTERNS (Metacarpus)
FRONT VIEW Short, straight and strong
PROFILE VIEW the pastern that is about half of length of rear pastern and is moderately inclined. A dewclaw is present.
MANDATORY HEALTH TESTS
ONLINE/LIVE CONFIRMATION: 12 Mo
RECOMMENDED HEALTH TESTS
34 FOREFEET Straight or very slightly turned outwards of medium size and moderately round. Toes compact and thick, well split up, making knuckles prominent and high.
FAULTS Lack of bone is a serious fault, feet toeing out too much our toeing in, loose elbows, incorrect angulation: pasterns, shoulders, bandy legs, barrel front, fiddle front, east/west, pigeon toed
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS splayed feet, flat feet or any other fault if severe.
35 HINDLEGS Rear view: set straight, wide apart (but less wide apart than front legs) and parallel, strong with long muscular thighs.
36 STIFLES (knees) Profile view: the tibia-metatarsus angle should be about 140°.
37 REAR PASTERNS (Metatarsus) straight and strong, about double in height comparing to front pastern with no dewclaw.
38 HINDFEET round and compact. Toes compact and thick, well split up, making knuckles prominent and high.
FAULTS incorrect angulation at the hocks, bandy legs, cow-hocks, barrel hocks, dewclaw at rear
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS any fault that is severe
FAULTS Paddling, sidewinding, Rolling, incoordinated crossing gait, bunny hopping (sign for hip dysplasia), any limping. Excessively wide gait.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS Any that is severe
Females: cm, Inches at the withers
Males : cm, Inches at the withers.
42 WEIGHT :
Females: kg, pounds
Males: kg, pounds
FAULTS Any departure of the standard
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS Long, fuzzy or wavy coats, albinismus.
NOTE a dog with surgical or accident scars should not be penalized
e) Grooming: Low maintenance, very easy due to their short hair.
44 CLIMATE TOLERANCE
Like all brachycephalic breeds and molosser in general, the American Bulldog must be protected from great heat in summer and also from excessive coldness in winter due to their short hair.
Males tie naturally and female give birth naturally.
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding. As dogs are not perfect, the breeder should never double up on health or conformation faults, even if minor and do his utmost to meet the ideal of the standard that is used as guideline.
Breeders and judges have the responsibility to avoid any conditions or exaggerations that are detrimental to the health, welfare, essence and soundness of this breed, and must take the responsibility to see that these are not perpetuated.